The ILO is the lead UN agency for HIV/AIDS policies and programmes in the world of work and the private sector mobilization. The ILO Programme on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work (ILO/AIDS) plays a key role in the HIV/AIDS global response through workplaces. HIV/AIDS is an integral part of the ILO’s Decent Work Agenda.
The ILO carries out its activity within the framework of the Decent Work Country Programme for Ukraine 2016-2019 aimed at promoting the decent work program for women and men both as the key component of the development policy and as the objective of the government national policy and the social partners (associations of employers and trade unions). The decent work programme is a system of mid-term planning, which guides the ILO work in the country in accordance with the tasks and priorities, coordinated with the trilateral partners.
The main international labor standard through which ILO guides its activity is the Recommendation concerning HIV and AIDS and the World of Work, 2010 (No. 200). In the pursuance of the provisions of the Recommendation the tripartite partners of the ILO also approved the National Strategy of the trilateral cooperation to resist the HIV/AIDS in the workplace 2012-2017.
Strategic objectives of ILO regarding HIV/AIDS
- To promote the development of national policy and legal frameworks based on the Recommendation concerning HIV and AIDS and the World of Work, 2010 (No. 200), the ILO Code of Practice on HIV/AIDS and the World of Work (2001) and other relevant international labour standards;
- To strengthen the HIV prevention and social protection programmes in the world of work, including employment creation, focusing on workers at risk in key economic sectors in the formal as well as the informal economy.
The ILO supports national and enterprise-level efforts to establish or reinforce the legal framework to guide HIV/AIDS workplace policies and programmes, and to protect the rights of workers – especially those infected or affected by HIV.
Stigma and discrimination on grounds of real or perceived HIV status, infringement of workers’ rights to work, to privacy (confidentiality of HIV status) and to social protection are examples of HIV-related violations of the fundamental principles and human rights promoted by the ILO at the workplace.
The ILO stimulates and supports initiatives aimed at promoting and protecting fundamental principles and rights at work through workplace education and prevention programmes to prevent new HIV infections and to provide for treatment, care and support measures through the world of work.
The ILO provides assistance to government, employers and workers organizations in mobilizing efforts to address HIV and AIDS through the world of work through both technical cooperation projects as well as consistent cooperation with national and sub-national partners.
Over the last decade ILO has implemented a number of projects in Ukraine aimed at increasing awareness of the constituents on HIV and its impact on the world of work in Ukraine, capacity-building, analysis of legislative framework, research on HIV and TB, development, translation, adaptation and printing of handbooks, guidance at the national and sectoral level, assessment of socio-economic impact of HIV as well as assistance in developing and implementing HIV workplace prevention policies and programmes. All these activities are intended to strengthen the role of the workplace in preventing HIV and its impact but also reduce stigma and discrimination on the basis of real or perceived HIV status in the world of work.
ILO is closely cooperating with other UN agencies through UN Joint Team on HIV/AIDS.