In Ukraine, four development focus areas define the structure of UNDP's assistance activities. These include democratic governance; prosperity, poverty reduction and MDGs; local development and human security; and energy and environment. In each of these thematic areas, UNDP ensures balance between policy and advocacy work, capacity building activities and pilot projects. UNDP established its presence in Ukraine in 1993.
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is the UN's global development network. UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in 177 countries and territories, we offer global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations. World leaders have pledged to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, including the overarching goal of cutting poverty in half by 2015. UNDP's network links and coordinates global and national efforts to reach these Goals. UNDP focus is helping countries build and share solutions to the challenges of:
- - Democratic Governance
- - Poverty Reduction
- - Crisis Prevention & Recovery
- - Environment & Energy
- - HIV/AIDS
UNDP helps developing countries attract and use aid effectively. In all activities, UNDP encourages the protection of human rights, capacity development and the empowerment of women. The annual Human Development Report, commissioned by UNDP, focuses the global debate on key development issues, providing new measurement tools, innovative analysis and often controversial policy proposals. The global Report's analytical framework and inclusive approach carry over into regional, national and local Human Development Reports, also supported by UNDP.
UNDP works with countries to understand and respond to the development dimensions of HIV and health, recognizing that development action outside the health sector can often contribute significantly to better health outcomes. As a founding Co-sponsor of UNAIDS, UNDP’s response to HIV is guided by the UNAIDS division of labour, which assigns specific responsibilities to each of the ten UNAIDS Cosponsors and the UNAIDS Secretariat. UNDP addresses dimensions of HIV that relate to development planning and mainstreaming; governance of HIV responses; and law, human rights, gender equality and sexual diversity. In addition, UNDP contributes to public health and development partnerships through collaborations with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Roll Back Malaria, and special programmes on human reproduction and infectious diseases that disproportionately affect poor populations. UNDP supports advocacy and research for meeting the Millennium Development Goals, including by promoting cross-MDG initiatives that create synergy for achieving HIV targets together with other MDGs.
HIV, the Millennium Development Goals and development planning
National AIDS responses have proven to be most successful when they have moved beyond addressing HIV as only a health concern, and involved a wider range of sectors and stakeholders. Mainstreaming HIV into development processes is an effective way to ensure that action on HIV is linked to poverty reduction strategies, and national development efforts, including the MDGs, while enabling diverse actors to use their comparative advantage to contribute to the AIDS response. UNDP supports strategic integration and sustainable financing of HIV within national development instruments and poverty reduction strategies, strengthens assessment and implementation of strategies to mitigate socioeconomic impacts of AIDS and, in collaboration with the World Bank, supports the development of national AIDS strategies and action plans.
Governance of HIV responses
As efforts to address the HIV epidemic have expanded, countries often grapple with the complexities of coordinating a comprehensive nationally-owned response that encourages the participation of diverse stakeholders, including civil society and people living with HIV. UNDP strengthens the governance of HIV responses by supporting national and local AIDS authorities to increase capacity for coordinating action on HIV and implementing district and municipal HIV programmes. UNDP also promotes government and civil society partnerships, and advocates for the greater involvement of women and men living with HIV in the design, implementation and evaluation of AIDS programmes.
UNDP-Global Fund Partnership
UNDP has partnered with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria since 2003 to support implementation of HIV, TB and malaria programmes in low and middle income countries. UNDP’s primary role is to support national partners to strengthen capacity for making effective use of Global Fund financing, including by leveraging governance, partnerships, procurement, financing and project management skills. In addition, in exceptional circumstances or special emergencies, governments and national counterparts have requested UNDP to act as a Principal Recipient to manage Global Fund grants. In this role UNDP has worked with the Global Fund to support a number of countries to improve management, implementation and oversight of Global Fund grants. UNDP’s role as Principal Recipient is for a limited time period, during which it helps in developing the capacity of one or more national candidates to enable them to assume the management of grants.
In line with the global strategy UNDP in Ukraine works to strengthen national capacity for effective HIV/AIDS response with the focus on youth and to accelerate health related MDGs, applying human rights and gender-based approaches. The UNDP complements the activities of other international donors and contributes to the implementation of the Joint UN Programme for Support on AIDS for 2012-16. UNDP closely aligns its HIV/AIDS support with the identified national priorities and fills in existing gaps to achieve short and long-term priorities. Specifically UNDP is aimed:
- - to strengthen the abilities of the state and civil society sector institutions to effectively plan, implement, monitor and evaluate national and sub-national multi-sectoral HIV/AIDS strategies and action plans, and to promote healthy life style with the focus on youth;
- - to promote prevention and reduction of risks of HIV/AIDS infection among youth with special needs, most at risk youth, pregnant women who use drugs, as well as youth who live or work at streets;
- - to develop capability of the public sector institutions in protecting the human rights of people affected by HIV/AIDS, especially youth; to address gender and HIV linkages in policies and plans; and to ensure provision of equal access to prevention, treatment, care and support services for men who have sex with men and transgender people;
- - to strengthen PLWH community in EECA countries to ensure sustainable, favourable environment in EECA region to achieve universal access to HIV/AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support, especially for youth, based on international standards of human rights.